Developing a parental mediation scale of digital games for children


  • Ali İbrahim Can Gözüm
  • Adalet Kandır


The aim of this study is to develop a valid and reliable scale for determining parental mediation strategies in the process that children 48-72 months old play digital games. The study group of the research consists of 643 parents with 48-72 months old children in total in Ankara and Kars city centres between the years 2018-2019. The screening model among quantitative research methods was used in this research. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used for structure validity. The exploratory factor analysis was carried out with the participation of 343 parents with 48-72 months old children attending the official independent kindergarten under the Ministry of National Education in central Ankara. A 40-item scale structure in a five-factor structure was determined in consequence of the exploratory factor analysis. To test the validity of the scale, confirmatory factor analysis was conducted. The exploratory factor analysis was carried out with the participation of 300 parents with 48-72 months old children attending the official independent kindergarten under the Ministry of National Education in central Kars. As a result of the validity studies conducted, the five-factor structure was named as viewing, laissez faire, technical, restrictive and active co-playing.


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