Investigating the change in career decision making self-efficacy levels of university students
AbstractThe aim of this study is to examine the change in career decision making self-efficacy levels of university students. 29 students from different faculties of a public university in Ankara who chose the “Career Planning in Transition to Business Life” course as a non-departmental selective course constitute the sample of the study. Activities included in the career decision making training program developed by Işık (2010) were used during practice of the course. Career Decision Making Self-Efficacy Scale developed by Ulaş & Yıldırım (2016) was used as the data collection tool in the pre-test and the post-test, which was performed at the end of the ten week-practice. The data obtained were evaluated in SPSS 18.0 (Statistics Package for Socials Sciences) program, and descriptive statistics, independent groups t-test, dependent groups t test, and bivariate correlation analysis were performed in the analyses of the data. According to the results of the analyses, career decision making self-efficacy scores of students differed significantly in pre-test and post-test measurements, the difference between scores did not vary by gender, and there is no significant correlation between the students’ course grades and pre-test scores, post-test scores or the difference between them.
Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company.
Betz, N. E., & Voyten, K. K. (1997). Efficacy and outcome expectations influence career exploration and decidedness. The Career Development Quarterly, 46(2), 179-189.
Brown, C., & Lavish, L. A. (2006). Career assessment with native Americans: role salience and career decision-making self-efficacy. Journal of Career Assessment, 14(1), 116-129.
Büyükgöze-Kavas, A. (2011). Testing a model of career ındecision among university students based on social cognitive career theory (Doctoral dissertation). Middle East Technical University, Educational Sciences, Ankara.
Büyüköztürk, Ş., Çakmak, E. K., Akgün, Ö. E., Karadeniz, Ş., & Demirel, F. (2018). Eğitimde bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri, 25. Baskı. Ankara: Pegem Akademi.
Chung, Y. B. (2002). Career decision-making self-efficacy and career commitment: Gender and ethnic differences among college students. Journal of Career Development, 28(4), 277-284.
Concannon, J. P., & Barrow, L. H. (2012). A reanalysis of engineering majors’ self-efficacy beliefs. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 21(6), 742-753.
Coon, K. L. (2009). Predicting career decision-making difficulties among undergraduate students: the role of career decision making self-efficacy, career optimism and coping (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Illinois.
Ertem, H. Y., Engin-Demir, C. & Gökalp, G. (2017). Öğretmen adaylarının kariyer planlaması: Bir ihtiyaç analizi çalısması. 12th International Congress on Educational Administration, Ankara.
Floyd, T. D. (2006). Family dysfunction, parental attachment and career (pleasetypo)decision-making self-efficacy among college students (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). Temple University, Philadelphia.
Foltz, B. M., & Luzzo, D. A. (1998). Increasing the career decision-making self-efficacy of nontraditional college students. Journal of College Counseling, 1, 35-44.
Fouad, N., Cotter, E. W., & Kantamneni, N. (2009). The effectiveness of a career decision-making course. Journal of Career Assessment, 17(3), 338–347.
Gati, I., Krausz, M., & Osipow, S. H. (1996). A taxonomy of difficulties in career decision making. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 43, 510 –526.
George, D. & Mallery, M. (2010). SPSS for Windows step by step: A simple guide and reference, 17.0 update (10a ed.). Boston: Pearson.
Gianakos, I. (2001). Predictors of career decision-making self-efficacy. Journal of Career Assessment, 9(2), 101-114.
Gloria, A. M., & Hird, J. S. (1999). Influences of ethnic and non-ethnic variables on the career decision-making self-efficacy of college students. The Career Development Quarterly, 48, 157-174.
Griffin, R.W., 1993; Management, 4th Edition, Texas, USA: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Hansen, J.M., & Pedersen, J. (2012). An examination of the effects of career development courses on career decision-making self-efficacy, adjustment to college, learning integration, and academic success. Journal of the First-Year Experience & Students in Transition, 24(2), 33-61.
Hinkelman, J. M., & Luzzo, D. A. (2007). Mental health and career development of college students. Journal of Counseling & Development, 85(2), 143-147.
Işık, E. (2007). Üniversite öğrencilerinin üniversitelerinde verilen kariyer danışmanlığı hizmetlerine ilişkin algı ve beklentileri. XVI. Eğitim Bilimleri Kongre Kitabı (2. Cilt). Ankara: Detay Yayıncılık.
Işık, E. (2010). Sosyal bilişsel kariyer teorisi temelli bir grup müdahalesinin üniversite öğrencilerinin kariyer kararı yetkinlik ve mesleki sonuç beklenti düzeylerine etkisi. (Yayınlanmamış Doktora Tezi). Çukurova Üniversitesi, Adana.
Işık, E. (2015). Üniversiteye yeni başlayan öğrenciler için kariyer kararı verme yetkinliği programı (1. Baskı), Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım.
Kuzgun, Y. (2004). Meslek rehberliği ve danışmanlığına giriş (2.Baskı), Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım.
Leech, N. L., Barrett, K. C., Morgan, G. A., & Clay, J. N., & Quick, D. (Collaborators). (2005). SPSS for intermediate statistics: Use and interpretation (2nd ed.). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
Lent, R. W., Brown, S. D., & Hackett, G. (2002). Social cognitive career theory. In D. Brown (Ed.), Career Choice and Development. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Lent, R. W., Brown, S. D., & Larkin, K. C. (1986). Self-efficacy in the prediction of academic performance and perceived career options. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 33(3), 265.
Lent, R. W., Hackett, G., & Brown, S. D. (1999). A social cognitive view of school to work transition. The Career Development Quarterly, 44, 297-311.
Lock, R. D. (1992). Taking charge of your career direction. Career Planning Guide (2nd ed). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Marko, K.W. & Savickas, M. L. (1998). Effectiveness of a career time perspective intervention. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 52, 106–119.
Niles, S.G., & Bowlsbey, J. H. (2013). Career development interventions in the 21st century. New Jersey: Merrill Prentice Hall.
Özyürek, R. (2009). Kariyer psikolojik danışma süreci ve ilgi envanterlerinin profillerini yorumlama becerileri. F.K. Owen, R. Özyürek ve D.W. Owen (Ed.). Gelişen psikolojik danışma ve rehberlik: Meslekleşme sürecindeki ilerlemeler, içinde (s. 51-81). Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım.
Peterson, S. L. (1993). Career decision-making self-efficacy and institutional integration of underprepared college students. Research in Higher Education, 34(6), 659-685.
Reese, R. J., & Miller, C. D. (2006). Effects of a university career development course on career decision-making self-efficacy. Journal of Career Assessment, 14(2), 252-266.
Savickas, M. L. (1991). Improving career time perspective. In D. Brown & L. Brooks (Eds.), Career counseling techniques (pp. 236–249). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Scott, A. B., & Ciani, K. D. (2008). Effects of an undergraduate career class on men's and women's career decision-making self-efficacy and vocational identity. Journal of Career Development, 34(3), 263-285.
Sharf, R. S. (2002). Applying career development theory to counseling. Pacific Grove, CA.: Brooks/Cole Thomson Learning.
Taylor, K. M., & Betz, N. E. (1983). Applications of self-efficacy theory to the understanding and treatment of career indecision. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 22(1), 63-81.
Tekin, H. (1993). Eğitimde ölçme ve değerlendirme. Ankara: Yargı Yayınevi.
Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu (2019). İşgücü istatistikleri. http://tuik.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do?id=33777 (Erişim Tarihi: 04.02.2019).
Ulaş, Ö., & Yıldırım, İ. (2016). Kariyer Kararı Verme Yetkinliği Ölçeği’nin geliştirilmesi. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 6(45), 77-90.
Wendlandt, N. M., & Rochlen, A. B. (2008). Addressing the college-to-work transition: Implications for university career counselors. Journal of Career Development, 35(2), 151–165.
Wolfe, J. B., & Betz, N. E. (2004). The relationship of attachment variables to career decision-making self-efficacy and fear of commitment. The Career Development Quarterly, 52, 363-369.
Ye, Y. (2014). Role of career decision-making self-efficacy and risk of career options on career decision-making of Chinese graduates. Psychological reports, 114(2), 625-634.
Zunker, V. G. & Osborn, D. (2002). Using assessment results for career development. California: Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.
Copyrights for articles published in International Journal of Curriculum and Instruction are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.