Evaluation of the Learning Outcomes in the Revised EFL Curriculum: A research on Outcome Verbs



EFL curricula for primary and secondary education in Turkey were revised based on the 2012 educational reform, and issued to the institutions of primary and secondary education affiliated to the Ministry of National Education (MoNE) in 2017 to be put into practice the following academic year. This study was motivated to examine the revised primary EFL curriculum with a focus on the outcome statements with respect to verb choice. Accordingly, seven sets of data were compiled from these statements identified for 2nd to 8th grades in the document, and a total of 376 outcome statements were analysed. The results demonstrated that only active verbs, which are recommended for writing learning outcomes, consitutited 14% of 403 verbs in these statements while over 41% were comprised by vague verbs that should be avoided in writing learning outcomes such as understand and know as they make the statements hard to evaluate. The findings were discussed and outlined in detail, and a couple of practical implications were offered for curriculum designers based the findings reported in this research.

Author Biographies

Reyhan Ağçam, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University

Dept. of Foreign Languages Education

Muzaffer Pınar Babanoğlu, Mersin University

Dept. of Foreign Languages Education


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