Muallim İsmâîl Hakkı Bey’s studies on less used makams

Muallim İsmâîl Hakkı Bey’s studies


  • Özlem Elitaş .
  • Emel Funda Türkmen


Witnessing the last periods of the Ottoman Empire and the first years of the Republic, Muallim İsmâîl Hakkı Bey, like some great composers in the history of Turkish music, made important works to ensure that these makams are not forgotten by producing new works from makams that he noticed were rarely used in his lifetime. This study aims to draw attention to the rarely used makams preferred by Muallim İsmâîl Hakkı Bey, who composed works in many forms of Turkish music, and his works in the classical fasıl completion tradition. The study is considered important in terms of revealing the composer's effort to transfer the cultural memory of music. In the study, document analysis was made using the literature review method and the works of Muallim İsmâîl Hakkı Bey in the TRT (Turkish Radio and Television) Repertoire were examined. It has been determined that it mostly includes rarely used makams and it has been tried to determine the rate of use of these makams in the repertoire with numerical data. In addition, the classical fasıl completion works in Muallim İsmâîl Hakkı Bey's understanding of composition were mentioned and the efforts of the composer to preserve the connection between the past and the future were emphasized