Psychometric features of the emergency remote teaching attitude scale and an example application

Emergency remote teaching attitude scale (ERTAS)


  • Çetin Toraman Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University
  • Mustafa Serkan Abdusselam Giresun University
  • Fatmanur Özen Giresun University
  • Mustafa Uzoglu Giresun University


Existing research shows that emergency remote teaching (ERT), which has become mandatory with the COVID-19 Pandemic, has unique aspects and provides differentiating experiences for teachers and learners. This research aims to develop a scale to measure the attitudes of the teaching staff working in higher education towards ERT; besides the validity and reliability proofs, to make a sample application with the developed scale. For this purpose, the validity and reliability proofs of the Emergency Remote Teaching Attitude Scale (ERTAS) according to the classical test and Item Response Theories were determined in line with the data collected from 878 teaching staff working in the state and foundation universities throughout Turkey. ERTAS has three sub-dimensions measuring Affective, Behavioral, and Cognitive dimensions with a total of 22 items. According to the literature, the fit indexes of the scale sub-dimensions obtained from Confirmatory Factor Analysis are acceptable. It was determined that the attitudes measured by the sub-dimensions of ERTAS according to gender, seniority, and their interaction did not change. Some suggestions have been made regarding the use of ERTAS.

Author Biographies

Çetin Toraman, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Education

1. author

Mustafa Serkan Abdusselam, Giresun University

Giresun University Faculty of Education, Department of Computer Instructional Technologies

2nd author

Mustafa Uzoglu, Giresun University

Giresun University Education Faculty, Mathematics Science Education Department

4th author