Impacts of GIS based materials in teaching relationship between faults and earthquakes in Turkey
Impacts of GIS based materials
The main objective of the research is to reveal the importance and effectiveness of the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) based materials in the course of the earthquake topic to the students of high school of 10th grade related with the achievement of the curriculum as: “10.1.5. The relationship between faults, plate movements and earthquakes in Turkey are given.” For this purpose, two classes consisting of 20 students in Niğde province, Çamardı 75th Year Martyr Lieutenant Mehmet Erdem Multi-Programme Anatolian High School with homogeneous properties were selected and considered as experimental and control groups. Multiple-choice scale with 27 questions was prepared in line with the Geography Education Curriculum of the Ministry of Education. The designated scale was used as pretest and posttest. Within the content of the study; following the pretest, the control group were taught with conventional method and materials. And the experimental group were taught with materials prepared by GIS with ArcGIS 10.2 software indicating the relationship between the distribution of active faults and historical earthquakes (with magnitudes 5 and more) in Turkey. After posttest, data obtained were analyzed by using t-test in SPSS 22.0. It was determined that the success in the experimental groups was higher than the control group, pointing out the significant effect of GIS based materials on student success. According to the findings, GIS based activities significantly increased the achievement level of the students compared to the conventional methods. The study reveals that GIS platforms have significant potential to be used in secondary school geography courses as an effective educational tool.
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