Adaptation of the “Fear House” child fear scale to the Turkish population: A validity and reliability study

Adaptation of the “Fear House” child fear scale


  • Sultanberk Halmatov Dr.


This study aims to adapt the “Fear House” scale developed by Zaharova and Panfilova (1999) for determining children’s fear to the Turkish culture. Scholars and experts usually prefer to make children draw things to detect their fears. This technique can be used as an alternative for children who do not like to draw.  The study group comprises 358 children who study in the central district of Ağrı province during the 2016-2017 academic year. As this is a scale adaptation study, the adaptation to the Turkish language was completed by two coders with good command of Russian language for the language validity. Afterwards, two researchers translated it back into Russian. As the language validity was achieved, the validity and reliability analysis of the scale was performed. Explanatory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) were applied to determine scale validity. The results revealed that it has a 6-factor structure comprising 31 items. The scale reliability was achieved through internal consistency and semi-reliability analyzes regarding the scale total and subscales. It can be argued that “Fear House”, adapted to Turkish culture, is a reliable and valid measurement tool to determine the fear of children aged 4-6 according to the EFA, CFA and reliability test results.